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    POPULATION

Number of population, on July 1
(million inhabitants)

 

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999*

Total

22.8

22.7

22.7

22.6

22.5

22.5

22.5

By gender

Male

11.2

11.1

11.1

11.1

11.0

11.0

11.0

Female

11.6

11.6

11.6

11.5

11.5

11.5

11.5

By age groups

0-14 years

4.9

4.8

4.6

4.5

4.4

4.3

4.2

15-59 years

14.1

14.0

14.1

14.1

14.1

14.1

14.1

60 years and over

3.8

3.9

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.1

4.2

By area

Urban

12.4

12.4

12.5

12.4

12.4

12.3

12.3

Rural

10.4

10.3

10.2

10.2

10.1

10.2

10.2

 Structure of population, on July 1
(%)

 

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999*

By gender

Male

49.1

49.1

49.0

49.0

49.0

48.9

48.9

Female

50.9

50.9

51.0

51.0

51.0

51.1

51.1

By age groups

0-14 years

21.7

21.1

20.5

19.9

19.4

19.1

18.8

15-59 years

61.4

61.7

62.0

62.4

62.6

62.6

62.7

60 years and over

16.9

17.2

17.5

17.7

18.0

18.3

18.5

By area

Urban

54.5

54.7

54.9

54.9

55.0

54.9

54.8

Rural

45.5

45.3

45.1

45.1

45.0

45.1

45.2

Life expectancy at birth
(years)

 

1991-
1993

1992-
1994

1993-
1995

1994-
1996

1995-
1997

1996-
1998

1997-
1999*

Total

69.5

69.5

69.4

69.1

69.0

69.2

69.7

By gender

Male

66.1

65.9

65.7

65.3

65.2

65.5

66.1

Female

73.2

73.3

73.4

73.1

73.0

73.3

73.7

By area

Urban

70.0

70.0

70.1

69.8

69.8

70.1

70.6

Rural

68.8

68.7

68.5

68.0

67.8

68.1

68.7

The first ten towns of the country by number of inhabitants,
on July 1, 1999*

No.

Town1)

Number of inhabitants

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Bucuresti 2011305
Iasi 347606
Constanta 340497
Cluj-Napoca 332941
Timisoara 328148
Galati 327928
Craiova 313173
Brasov 312481
Ploiesti 250804
Braila 232409

1) Municipality (county residence).

 Vital statistics
(thousands)

  1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999*
Live-births 250 247 237 231 237 237 235
Deaths 263 266 272 286 279 269 265
-Infant deaths 6 6 5 5 5 5 4
Natural increase -13 -19 -35 -55 -42 -32 -30
Marriages 162 154 154 150 147 145 140
Divorces 31 40 35 36 35 40 34

Rates
(per 1000 inhabitants)

  1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999*
Live-births

11.0

10.9

10.4

10.2

10.5

10.5

10.4

Deaths

11.6

11.7

12.0

12.7

12.4

12.0

11.8

-Infant deaths1)

23.3

23.9

21.2

22.3

22.0

20.5

18.6

Natural increase

-0.6

-0.8

-1.6

-2.5

-1.9

-1.5

-1.4

Marriages

7.1

6.8

6.8

6.7

6.5

6.5

6.2

Divorces

1.4

1.7

1.5

1.6

1.5

1.8

1.5

1) Per 1000 live-births.

 General fertility rate1)

 

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999*

Total

43.3

41.1

39.9

40.6

40.6

40.2

Urban

32.5

30.7

29.9

30.2

30.1

29.7

Rural

60.6

58.2

56.3

58.1

58.2

57.9

1) Live-births per 1000 women of fertility age (15-49 years).

 General mortality by main
groups of death causes2)

 

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999*

Total
of which:

1171

1198

1266

1239

1196

1181

Diseases of the
circulatory system

710

736

786

762

739

737

Neoplasm

162

166

170

173

175

177

Diseases of the
respiratory system

81

76

86

78

71

74

Diseases of the
digestive system

66

68

72

76

72

66

2) Rates per 100000 inhabitants.

 Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows
due to permanent residence change

 

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999*

Absolute data

Total

240231

266745

289491

292879

302579

276154

275699

From rural to urban

84063

81327

72710

72267

68491

60620

57986

From urban to urban

60931

68385

75623

80318

75543

71852

73152

From rural to rural

60084

68050

80948

71710

77466

65064

59955

From urban to rural

35153

48983

60210

68584

81079

78618

84606

Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)

Total

10.6

11.7

12.8

13.0

13.4

12.3

12.3

From rural to urban

6.9

6.6

5.9

5.9

5.6

4.9

4.7

From urban to urban

5.0

5.6

6.1

6.5

6.1

5.9

6.0

From rural to rural

5.7

6.5

7.8

7.0

7.6

6.4

5.9

From urban to rural

3.4

4.7

5.8

6.7

7.9

7.7

8.3

 

Number of emigrants

 

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999*

Total

18446

17146

25675

21526

19945

17536

12594

By gender

Male

8751

7886

11478

10079

9423

8460

5858

Female

9695

9260

14197

11447

10522

9076

6736

By age groups

Under 18 years

4119

4597

5137

4198

4145

6371

4290

18-40 years

9291

8937

15055

11794

10650

7174

5601

41-60 years

3229

2528

4048

4033

3633

2554

1900

61 years and over

1807

1084

1435

1501

1517

1437

803

By nationality

Romanians

8814

10146

18706

16767

16883

15202

11283

Germans

5945

4065

2906

2315

1273

775

390

Hungarians

3206

2509

3608

2105

1459

1217

696

Jews

221

177

131

191

136

198

111

Other nationalities

260

249

324

148

194

144

114

 Number of emigrants by country of destination

 

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999*

Australia

236

220

136

165

207

206

124

Austria

1296

1256

2276

915

1551

941

468

Canada

1926

1523

2286

2123

2331

1945

1626

France

937

787

1438

2181

1143

846

696

Greece

80

87

193

274

232

316

214

Israel

324

417

316

418

554

563

326

Italy

645

1580

2195

1640

1706

1877

1415

Germany

6874

6880

9010

6467

5807

3899

2370

United States of America

1245

1078

2292

3181

2861

2868

2386

Sweden

199

176

520

310

468

129

98

Hungary

3674

1779

2509

1485

1244

1306

774

Other countries

1010

1363

2504

2367

1841

2640

2097

*)  the most recent data available

Source: National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies, Bucharest


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