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a candle for my son!

Romanian Version

Mihai Brediceanu
(1920-2005)
Conductor, Composer and Music Theorist

Born: June 14, 1920, Brasov. Son of Tiberiu Brediceanu, composer

Died: March 4, 2005

Studies

Musical: Brasov Conservatory (piano), Academy of Music, Bucharest (theoretical studies, composition, conducting). Professors: Im. Bernfeld, Mihail Jora, Martian Negrea, Florica Musicescu, Silvia Serbescu, I. Ghiga, Ionel Perlea

Law: Graduate of the Faculty of Law, Bucharest University

Mathematical: PhD in Mathematics of Bucharest University (Scientific Guide acad. Miron Niculescu; members of the Doctoral Commission acad. M.Nicolescu, acad. Gh. Mihoc, acad. Solomon Marcus, prof. I. Bucur, prof. Zeno Vancea)

Family

Grand-Father Coriolan Brediceanu, lawyer, politician of the Romanians from the Habsburgic Ardeal, defender in the process of Memorandum, deputy, as Romanians' representative, in the Parliament of Budapest, strong animator of the Romanian cultural life.

Father, Tiberiu Brediceanu, composer, musicologist and folklorist, minister of Arts and Social Protection in the Leading Council of the 1918-freed Ardeal, established the first State Opera in Romania at Cluj, Brasov Conservatory and, as director of the Romanian Opera of Bucharest, the orchestra of this institution. Senator, member of the Romanian Academy

Career

  • 1959-1966 - General Director of the Romanian National Opera, Bucharest
  • 1969-1971 - Musical Director of the Syracuse Orchestra, New York
  • 1971-1975 - Visiting Professor of Syracuse University, New York for the interdisciplinary domain of music and mathematics
  • 1978-1980 - Musical General Director of Istanbul Opera
  • 1982-1990 - General Director of "George Enescu" Philharmonic
  • 1991 - General Director of Romanian National Opera of Bucharest
  • 1993 - Director of "George Enescu" Musical Festival and Competition, President of the Union of Interpreters, Choreographers and Musical Critics of Romania. Coordinator of the group "Music, Mathematics, Informatics" of the Romanian Academy 

Artistic Activities

- conducting

  • over 20 years as conductor of the Romanian National Opera of Bucharest
  • 38 years as director of "George Enescu" Philharmonic Orchestra
  • conducted concerts and opera performances in Paris, London, Vienna, Berlin, Brussels, Moscow, Roma, Monte-Carlo, Athens, Prague, Warsaw, Teheran, Vilnius, Tashkent, Beijing, Phenian, Chishinew, Kiev, Sofia, Stockholm, Lima, Rio de Janeiro. Conductor in numerous other towns of Europe, Americas and Asia
  • Invited to conduct concerts and opera performances at international musical festivals in Paris, Lucerne, Monte-Carlo, Prague, Athens, Strasbourg, Names, Brussels
  • Considered the world promotion of George Enescu' works as a chief duty for any Romanian musician, including himself. He included in his concerts the Symphony I in Berlin, Moscow, Beijing, Prague and Nice and recorded this work for His Master's Voice recording House. Conducted the Symphony II with orchestra of Sankt-Petersburg and the Symphony III with the famous "Orchestre de Paris". Intimately attached to the opera "Oedip", signed the production of 1962 and 1991 in Bucharest and conducted the performances at the Grand Opera in Paris, in Stockholm, Sofia, at the Festival in Athens and at the Festival in Lucerne, on the occasion of Enescu's Centennial. Made the first integral recording of this masterpiece, which was awarded, in Paris, the Prize "The Golden Record" (1976). Initiated and, together with Yehudi Menuhin, Eugene Ormandy, Sergiu Comissiona and other distinguished American musicians, established "The George Enescu Society of the United States" (1981). Held conferences about George Enescu's life and work ar WCNY Radio Station in New York, at Smith College (Northampton, Massachusetts) and at Boston University

- composition

  • Symphonic Music: Symphony "Mithe"
  • Four symphonic dances on themes by Tiberiu Brediceanu
  • Suite for small orchestra
  • Music in structural polytempos: Politempo I; Etude for ballet in polytempos. A different drummer (for orchestra, chore and recitator, on poems by Henry Thoreau); Double play for piano and orchestra; Coral in Byzantine style for four choral groups, Blues in structural polytempo 
  • Chamber Music: Scherzo for piano; Sonata for piano; Suite for piano; Trio for violin, clarinet and fagot; Sonata for flute, marimba and
  • Vocal Music: Three songs on poems by Lucian Blaga
  • Music for theatre: The Fire Citadel (Davidoglu), The Gentleman Bourgeois (Molicre); The Fancy Ill (Moliere); The Precious Ridicules (Moliere); Don Carlos (Schiller); The Fan (Goldoni); Don Gil of green socks (Tirso de Molina); The Storm (Shakespeare)
- published and granted interviews on issues of musicology and organization of the musical life. A selective presentation is included in the Lexicon "Musicians of Romania" by Viorel Cosma

Scientific Activity

  • Elaborated the concept of polimodular time, of the time measured simultaneously by different and variable time modules, respectively by time systems organized in structures with different degrees of coherence and complexity. The concept applied to the music settles theoretically and fundamentally a problem that preoccupied the composers of the 20th century beginning, like G. Mahler and Ch. Yves, that is the possibility of composing musical structures where different voices of a polyphonic music develop different tempos. This type of musical time organization is now known as "structural polytempo", term introduced by the author
  • In 1970 he invented the Polytimer, a computer enabling the realization of concerts and other choreographic performances based on the "structural polytempo". Polytimer was patented in Romania (nr. 55447, September 23, 1970), USA (United State Patent: Programmed system for complex polytempi music and ballet performances - nr. 3.595122, July 27, 1971), in France (nr. 7045706, May 28, 1971) and in Belgium (nr.770533, July 23, 1971). Built as prototype in USA by prof. Ed. Stabler of Syracuse University and later manufactured in Romania by ITC Company. The first performances based on this instrument, like those in the USA (1976) or at Georges Pompidou Center in Paris, in 1978, attracted the interest and the comments  of the international press (over 100 articles). The concept of modular time find naturally its application in choreography, theatre and visual arts, but as well in many other domains, like biology, physics, astronomy and everywher one could find temporal structures and time is measured as different and variable time modules.
  • Held conferences and courses about art and polymodular time in Bucharest, Paris, Syracuse University (USA), New York State University and Bilbao (Spain)

Published Works

"Topology of sound forms and music", synthesizing the results of the preoccupations in the field of modular sound  (about 450 pages, to be published by the Romanian Academy Publishing House)

Membership

Member of the Romanian Composers' Union since 1945

Member of the National Society of Literature and Arts, New York

Member of the Academic Society "Arts, Sciences, Letters", Paris

Prizes, Awards and Decorations

Laureate of "George Enescu" Prize for Composition

The Prize "The Golden Record" for the first integral recording of George Enescu' s Opera "Oedip", Paris, 1976

Knight of the National Order of Arts and Letters, France

Critics' Appreciation

Half a century of conducting represents a performance difficult to match. The multitude of symphonic concerts and opera performances, conducting Romanian ensembles or the most famous formations in the world, stands for a long and glorious career. Multilateral artist - pianist, composer, conductor, scientist - graduate of law school and PhD in Mathematics,  a fine intellectual, polyglot, man of the world, with charming conversation, correct in the relations with other people, Mihai Brediceanu focuses the attention and obtains the admiration of everybody. Preoccupied by the quotidian, a tireless worker, the musician proves an untouched spiritual youth, coming down from his birth, maintained by his generous and good-natured essence. His supreme goal is the creation - as composition, interpretation, research and inventions. A goal attained, recognized, rewarded. For all, he deserves our thanks, congratulations and wishes to continue the work well done. George Breazul

 

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